On This Day – 29th September . Higgs Boson. God Particle. Babi Yar
In 1941 the Babi Yar massacre took place.
About 33000 Soviet Jews were killed by the Nazis at the Babi Yar ravine in Kiev. This was a two-day massacre that started on 29th September, in which only 29 people survived.
In 1954 CERN was established.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research, known as CERN, was the joint creation of 12 European governments.
CERN is better known as the operator of a network of six accelerators and a decelerator. Each accelerator in the chain increases the energy of particle beams before delivering them to several experiments or to the next more powerful accelerator.
The Large Hadron Collider , LHC, is the world’s largest and highest-energy particle collider and also the largest machine in the world.
It lies in a tunnel that has a circumference of 27 kilometers and is buried as deep as 175 meters. It is located beneath the France–Switzerland border near Geneva.
An initial focus of research was to investigate the possible existence of the Higgs boson and the Higgs field.
The Higgs boson is an elementary particle that was initially discovered as a new particle in 2012.
Other discoveries, like the electron for instance, required a vacuum tube and some genius, while finding the Higgs boson required the creation of experimental energies, rarely seen before on Earth.
The Higgs boson has often been called the “God particle”, and it is the most expensive particle of all time, taking into consideration the costs of the facility research.
To have a clear grasp of the concept, we need to establish that mass is, quite simply, a measure of how much stuff an object – a particle, a molecule weights.
The Higgs theory proposes that there is a field permeating the Universe.
This is called the Higgs field, and allows particles to obtain their mass.
The Higgs boson is the particle that gives mass to any substance in the Universe.
All interactions of particles with the field , or better said, with the Higgs bosons that come from it, will give particles mass.
It is like a field of snow in which, while you advance, progress becomes more and more difficult as your shoes interacting with snow particles slows you down.
The Higgs boson results in the collision of two high-energy protons and has a very short life, after which it disintegrates into smaller particles. This is why it was difficult to prove its existence.
So Higgs bosons are the ones that carry the weight in the composition of the sub particles, and from there in any object in the universe.
The other particles attract the bosons to a greater or lesser extent.
It is called the ‘God particle’ because it shapes everything around us.
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