In 1825 George Stephenson operated the first locomotive that hauled a passenger train. George also built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use locomotives. The line connected Liverpool and Manchester and opened in 1830.
Locomotion No. 1 was originally named Active, and was operating on the Stockton and Darlington Railway.
The locomotive weighed 6.6 tonnes, with elements like the boiler, cylinders and wheels made of cast iron, but with the frame made of timber.
The maximum speed of Locomotion No 1 was about 15 mph, 24 km/h.
In 1828 it was heavily damaged when its boiler exploded, due to a manoeuvre error. It was rebuilt, but with the rapid advances in locomotive design, Locomotion No. 1 became obsolete the next decade.
You may not know some of the myths that people used to believe at that time about trains.
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Many people were concerned about the dangers to the body when traveling at speeds of up to an “extraordinary” 50 miles per hour (80 kph).
An even more alarming idea was that women’s uterus would fly out of their bodies as they were accelerated to that speed. In the Victorian time, locomotion was initially seen as a very real threat to health.
Another danger that travelers faced in the early years of rail travel was tunnels. There was a concern for men attempting to lean over and kiss woman in the dark.
Between 2001 and 2010, in New York, 2580 subway cars were taken to the workshops, stripped, cleaned and taken off the coast.
The longest stretch of completely straight track in the world is in Australia. Part of the Trans-Australian Railway, it is crossing the Nullarbor Plain for 478 km (297 miles), not deviating even slightly. It can even be seen from space. According to former astronaut Andy Thomas: “It’s a very fine line, it’s like someone has drawn a very fine pencil line across the desert.”
One of the UK’s most famous criminal acts, the Great Train Robbery, was actually pretty amateurish, but it’s remembered because of the amount of money taken: ₤2.6 million that would mean ₤55 in today value.
In 1939 The city of Warsaw, Poland, surrendered to the Germans after being invaded by the Nazis and the Soviet Union during World War II.
Around 18,000 civilians of Warsaw perished during the siege. As a result of the air bombardments, 10% of the city’s buildings were entirely destroyed and further 40% were heavily damaged.
In 1940 Tripartite Pact was signed.
It established the Axis powers during World War II. Signing countries were Germany, Italy and Imperial Japan.
In 1962 The Yemen Arab Republic was established.
Gamal Abdel Nasser declared the establishment of the North Republic after staging a coup that deposed the King Muhammad Al-Badr.
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